10-second review: Suggests that younger students begin to write poetry by using the following: free verse, Haiku, Cinquain, Diamante, Quinzaine, and Quintain.
Title: “Exploring Poetry Patterns.” Iris M. Teidt. Elementary English [No Date]. p. 1082-1084. Elementary English was the NCTE elementary school publication preceding Language Arts.
Free Verse: no rhyme. Ideas and images.
Example: The moon is a sun drowsing,/but never going to sleep./ The stars are faces in the sky./ Time is how long it takes you/ to do your homework. Phyllis Dyer.
Haiku. Ancient form of Japanese poetry. No rhyme. Three short lines totaling seventeen syllables. Line 1, t syllables. Line 2, 7 syllables. Lin3, 5 syllables. References to nature. Few articles.
Example: Lightly a new moon/ Brushes a silver Haiku/ On the tips of waves.
Cinquain (sin’ kain). 5 line verse. Line 1: one word. Title. Line 2: Two words, adjectives. Line 3, Three words, verbs. Line 4: Four words, phrase. Line 5: One word, summary.
Example: Bed/ Soft, warm/ Fun, bouncy, tumbling/ Fun on my bed/ Comfortable.
Example: Air/ Balmy, soft/ Floating, wafting, soothing/ Typhoon, wind, gale, cyclone/ Twisting, howling tearing/ Bitter, cold/ Blast. Vera Harryman. In the shape of a diamond.
Example: Boys screaming in the distance--/ When will they be still/ On this dusk? Irma Johnson.
Quintain (kwin ten’). Syllable progression: 2, 4, 6, 8, 10.
Example: Poems/ Read for Pleasure/ Before the bright firelight/ Words meant for all those who enjoy/ Delightful, soothing, lovable music. L. Willie.
Comment: You can extend the same principle for older students to include a sonnet. RayS.