10-second review: Fifth graders wrote for a good third-grade reader and an experienced adult reader. Did they adjust for audience?
Title: “Writing to Be Read: Young Writers’ Ability to Demonstrate Audience Awareness When Evaluated by Their Readers.” LA Frank. Research in the Teaching of English (October 1992), 277 – 298. A publication of the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE).
Summary: “…the fifth graders were more successful addressing the third-grade than the adult audience.” p. 277.
Comment: The author notes that “many researchers agree that audience awareness is a critical component of transactional [expository] writing.” RayS.