10-second review: Good readers are good at predicting what is going to happen in a story. Poor readers tend not to predict.
Title: “Prediction: One Strategy for Reading Success in High School.” JE Olshavsky and K Kletzing. Journal of Reading (March 1978), 512 – 516.
Quote: “Reading comprehension requires us to process visual symbols and to integrate the author’s message with our own prior knowledge. The strategies we use to comprehend may be a crucial determiner of our success. They include, according to Goodman (1970), the strategies of sampling, predicting, confirming or rejecting and integrating information.”
Comment: I have found that sampling text encourages prediction. The survey of a textbook chapter is an example of sampling—reading the title, the first paragraph, the first sentence of each middle paragraph, and the last paragraph—give the reader a general idea of what the writer is saying and also leads to raising questions in order to find out what to read for.
The author is suggesting that the ability to predict from the text is a component of comprehension. Think about it. How would you use this idea to improve comprehension? RayS.