Question: Who plans better? Those who use pencil and paper or those who use a word processor?
Assumption: “Most theories of writing have acknowledged the importance of planning and planning continues to be of interest to composition researchers. One reason for this interest may be that better writers plan more.” P. 181.
Answer: “When writers were using word processing alone, there was significantly less planning; significantly less planning before beginning to write; significantly less conceptual or high-level planning….” P. 181.
Comment: When composing memos, I used the word processor because the memos did not require much planning. When composing articles, books, or anything that required careful thought, I began with paper and pencil. RayS.
Title: “How the Writing Medium Shapes the Writing Process: Effects of Word Processing on Planning.” C Haas. Research in the Teaching of English (May 1989), 181-207.