Question: When is the best time to consider audience information, before the first draft or before the final draft?
Answer: “Findings indicate that both groups of writers tended to defer audience considerations until the revision stage.”
Comment: However, some writers used the information both before the beginning draft and before the final draft. I think I would have students replicate the use of audience information before the first draft and before the final draft and see which works best for them. In general, I think I would recommend use of the information in the revision stage of writing. Next question: how do good writers adapt their writing to the audience? RayS.
Title: “Audience and Information.” Bennett A. Raforth. Research in the Teaching of English (October 1989), 273-290.