Answer: “Students paraphrased course material in their own words, used their own language resources to connect new and existing knowledge, and used writing to discover and shape meaning.” LM Hirsch. 1986. P. 440 .
Comment: I think this finding summarizes succinctly the contribution that writing makes to learning course material. I wish I had this “outline” of writing to learn as a teacher and supervisor. RayS.
Title: “Annotated Bibliography of Research in the Teaching of English.” RK Durst and JD Marshall. Research in the Teaching of English (December 1987), 422-443.