Answer/Quote: “Unlike the New Critics, who emphasized the objectivity of the text, reader-response critics argue that a literary work cannot be understood ap0art from its effects. They contend that a work’s ‘effects, psychological and otherwise, are essential to any accurate description of its meaning, since that meaning has no effective existence outside of its realization in the mind of a reader’ (Tomkins, 1980). From this perspective, meaning is viewed not as a property of the text but as a product of the reader’s activity and the text.” P. 56.
Comment: Both perspectives are useful in interpreting literary works. RayS.
Title: “The Effects of Genre and Tone on Undergraduate Students’ Preferred Patterns of Response to Two Short Stories and Two Poems.” Jane A Zaharias. Research in the Teaching of English (February 1986), 56-68.